Article Details

Media Trial and Socio – Legal Responsibilities in India: a Bird’S Eye -View | Editorial

Neha Dixit in Global Journal of Socio-Legal Studies | Education of Life & Science
Abstract: Media is also called the 4th pillar of thedemocratic country. Media has a strong influence on the legal process .Itreflects the view points of the common man. It became popular on 20 and 21stcentury. Media has wide ranging roles in the society. It plays a vital role inmoulding the opinion of society and capable of changing the whole viewpointthrough which people perceive various events. Free and healthy media isindispensable to the functioning of democracy. Indian courts have emerged asmost powerful courts in the world with virtually no accountability. Everyinstitution including judiciary has its share of black sheep and corruptjudges. The judiciary are peopled by judges who are human being and being ahuman judge may be motivated by consideration other than objective view .Everyparty has constitutional right to have a fair trial in court of law. Publicaccess to court proceeding has long been the influence the thinking of commonman. Media often act as cornerstone of the justice system. The word “mediatrial” means the impact of media (television and newspaper) coverage on aperson’s reputation by creating a widespread perception of guilt regardless ofany verdict in a court of law. Media in India is one of the freest in the worldin terms of legal constraints. Though the court proceeding are open but thisdoesn’t mean that the media unnecessary interfere in court proceeding.Administration of justice is very essence of natural justice and rule of law.For ensuring the dispensation of justice and to remain transparent there is animportant legitimate role of media. Therefore media is expected to perform itsduty which should be in the limits and within the ethics. Media personalitieshave to conduct themselves in accordance with law and court protocols. Whenthey report the court proceeding to the general public they have an additionalresponsibility of collecting correct, relevant and accurate information aboutthe case on trial. Generally disputes arise when reporter publishes theinformation against the order of judge and writes about the camera proceedings.Such disobedience generally termed as “contempt of court”. Freedom of media andpress stems from the right of public in a democracy to be involved on theissues of the day to day life which affect them either consciously orsubconsciously. General public cannot influence the decisions of court unlessthat can be adequately informed on the facts and arguments relevant to thedecisions.  Media vicariously play ainvestigative role because much of the fact finding and argumentation isconducted by media even if the trial is not completed. Thus it a principalinstrument which has an important role in investigative and campaignjournalism.

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